Does Northern Ireland Peace Process offer a Model for Resolving Conflicts in Africa
DOES NORTHERN IRELAND OFFER A MODEL FOR RESOLVING CONFLICTS IN AFRICA? Name of Student Name of Course Date Does Northern Ireland Offer a Model for Resolving Conflicts in Africa? Theoretical Framework Human Needs Model by John Burton According to Burton’s Human Needs Model, conflict in the society is inevitable particularly when individuals or groups do not have the right(s) of security, identity, freedom [and recognition] or equality. The needs that appear ‘unmet,’ therefore, are classified under the category of those that led to the expected conflict. Burton’s model and theory reiterate that meeting the needs of human has a positive role(s) in the resolution of violence and conflict(s) (Demmers, 2012). Delving into Northern Ireland, specifically, there is an understanding that the human needs theory works toward adaptation of consociationalism that resolves the conflict by realizing its cause(s) (Walsh, 2015; Demmers, 2012). In fact, Burton’s model is thorough in its implementation of consociationalism since the latter is a mechanism of conflict resolution. It is evident, therefore, that the consociational ideologies in Northern Ireland may be borrowed by nations such as Kenya, South Africa, Uganda and Rwanda in Africa. Burton’s theory and model emphasizes that consociationalism is responsible for countering the frustration of human beings that augured from unmet needs (Walsh, 2015). If at all their human needs are satisfied accordingly; there will be no room for conflict(s) or violence to ensue.…
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