Draft Chapter 4: Expected Results
Depression and Work Performance
Depression and Work Performance
Occupation is a critical aspect of the individual. Occupation gives on some space for social interaction as well as providing the individual with financial sustenance. It is with this regard that occupation has become a fundamental right for people. However, the trade that one has is an obvious source of stress that could have impacts on both the mental and physical health of people. It is an area that has gathered a lot of interest, therefore, earning research into the field — the majority of the study base on people who have regular daytime shifts as well as people who work at night as this could interfere with the somatic system of a person. The turns and work schedules are mainly responsible for several issues. Some issues are physical that in turn result in the psychological whereas others are psychological and end up causing physical problems. The following essay is an analysis based on the expected results of my study, of the relationship between depression and work performance as well as a recommendation on the best way to navigate between the two.
What has been established from other research which was also emphasized in my research is the fact that work patterns have significant effects on the circadian system. These effects are most common in people who have shift work sleep disorder. These are people who mostly have to change shifts but find themselves primarily in the night shift. It means that they work at night and sleep during the day. The people reported via email that the disarray of sleeping time and working time disrupts the circadian system majorly causing symptoms of depression. A separation of the same is widely linked to depression (Luca et al. 2014). People with a work shift sleep disorder were mostly found, in my study, to suffer from depression. The leading candidates of despair with this disorder were found to be males as opposed to females. Also, there are other ailments that people who with work shift sleep disorder suffer from which were reported back to us and the results are similar to those found in other pieces of research such as sleep-related accidents, absenteeism, and ulcers (Luca et al. 2014). The probable cause of the ulcers, as speculated from our findings among the study pool and borrowing from other studies, is the imbalance of the protective and aggressive factors acting on the gastric mucosa at night. However, this data is controversial and yet to be proven (Luca et.al 2014).
We also made a comprehensive study of depression on nurses based on the feedback provided by people from this medical field to see the difference in depression levels between nurses who take two shifts and those who make three turns. The nurses who took three changes reported to have higher levels of stress as compared to nurses who take two turns. Depressive disorders were also generally higher in nurses who had worked on the night shift for 6-10 years according to the feedback given from the questionnaire we issued. The symptoms were six times higher when compared to nurses who had worked the night shift for 1-5 years (Luca et al. 2014). In contrast, the night workers were found to have little to no mild emotional disorders such as tension, anxiety or insomnia (Luca et al. 2014). The day workers exhibited these symptoms and the probable reason in this case as well is because the day workers were exposed to elements of stress while the night workers are exposed to much fewer features of the same. Night workers only have to tend to fewer needs of patients and generally do not have a lot of pressure as compared to daytime workers who cater for several emergency situations and have to put several loved ones of the ill at ease. We linked the general pressures of everyday work to be a leading cause of stress and emotional disorders.
On a general scale, out analysis revealed that shift work, type of job and the environment of work are generally all causative agents of stress. It precedes that dangerous forms of employment are associated with a high mortality rate, and excessively poor mental health (Luca et al. 2014). More permanent workers reported to be under much greater distress as they had plenty of job-related pressure. Fixed-term workers reported to be stressed about job security. From all of these factors, it is clear that work and even the type of employment and mental health are factors that are very closely related.
We conducted and analyzed our research using the Beck Depression Inventory as a means of a questionnaire, and we sought out information on depression based on the type of occupation that one undertook as well as other factors. We discovered that day rotating shift workers had higher rates of moderate depression, standing at 84% while night shift workers have slightly less moderate depression symptoms, holding at 83% (Luca et al. 2014). More women also had mild and moderate depression, at 22% and 4% respectively as opposed to men who had fewer symptoms of both soft and moderate depression at 10% and 3% respectively (Luca et al. 2014). We found that only men suffered from severe depression among those in our study pool.
59% of the people in our study pool reported having gastrointestinal issues. A clear exhibition of a relationship between depression and somatic complaints. Our study surmises that occupation and depressive conditions are related and that if one had a case of previous episodes of depression, then these episodes should not be taken lightly. Our study also analyzed the relationship between presenteeism and absenteeism and how they relate to depression among the employees and came to the conclusion that the absenteeism levels were much higher for groups with depression as opposed to groups without depression (Lerner et al. 2010). Employees with more severe depression were discovered to have higher presenteeism levels aligned with poor physical health, less job control, work that was psychologically tasking as well as an interaction of psychologically tasking work with depression (Lerner et al. 2010).
The highlight of our study and report shows an imploring need for careful psychological examination of workers, especially when treating them for somatic conditions as the two go hand in hand with a depressive work environment. It is also essential that once the disease is diagnosed, corrective measures are taken. Depression is clearly a major factor related to occupation and would appear to be an occupation hazard. Medical insurance should also be enhanced to cater for medical expenses of therapy to make sure that employees remain at their peak mental health.
Lerner, D., Adler, D. A., Rogers, W. H., Lapitsky, L., McLaughlin, T., & Reed, J. (2010). Work performance of employees with depression: the impact of work stressors. American Journal of Health Promotion, 24(3), 205-213.
Luca, M., Bellia, S., Bellia, M., Luca, A., & Calandra, C. (2014). Prevalence of depression and its relationship with work characteristics in a sample of public workers. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 10, 519.
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