Learned Helplessness: Methods and results

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Learned Helplessness: Methods and results

Category: Dissertation methodology

Subcategory: Psychology

Level: University

Pages: 2

Words: 550

To examine the effect of parental attitude on the level of learned helplessness, data was collected from one hundred and forty-seven participants (147) through the use of questionnaires. In the case study, the participants included individuals, specifically college students and parents of the students (Ackerman, 2018). Some Indian youths employed at different companies also participated to examine the relationship between dedication to work and productivity in the office. Out of the total sample population (N=120), there were 51% males and 49% females. The participants were of an average age of eighteen to a maximum age of forty-seven years with a mean average of 20 (M=20) and standard deviation of 2.40 (SD=2.40)

Learned Helplessness: Methods and results

Materials and procedure
The sample population was subjected to a series of different situations beyond its control or a condition that is independent of the ordinary behavior. The independent variable in the case study was learned helplessness. The dependent variable in the study was time for every one of the 147 students to correctly arrange the words provided in the anagram (Ackerman, 2018). To investigate the correlation between goal orientation and learned helplessness, a group of the 147 students was considered for the study. For the group, the independent variable was still the words learned helplessness for different categories of the students. Another variable that was deemed to be independent was the age factor. The dependent variable used was the words in the anagram. Individuals under investigation were given an anagram to complete the words to make meaning. Research investigation was carried out to examine the association between controllability and learned helplessness. The scale was running all the way from one to three starting with a comfortable, moderate and finally hard condition. The dependent variable investigated was the influence of cultural practices and motivational deficits.

The chi-square test was applied to examine whether those participants who were subjected to the anagram got the correct answers from the arrangement of the letters ƴ2= 21.94 < .001. Less than half of the participants in the hard condition were in a position to unscramble the word Cinerama (27.7%), in the moderate (46.8%) and participants in the easy condition (74.5%) all had a phi effect of (.396). Participants in the easy condition felt a little at ease (M=2.67, SD =.60) compared to those individuals in the hard condition who showed (M = 2.07, SD = .82, t(45), p< .05). The number was from the participants in the hard condition who could unscramble the first two words in the anagram word (Ackerman, 2018). The t-test showed that participants in the hard group had intense frustration in arranging the words in the anagram (SD = 2.64) as compared to the moderate group (M= 6.26, SD = 2.02) but the situation was not as intense as in the easy group (M= 3.58).
After the participants were exposed to different anagram words, the level of the learned helplessness showed a great disparity. The state is affected by goal orientation and personal attributes of a student. A focused student will always have an agitation to delve into a situation and find out the actual meaning (Ackerman, 2018). There is a moment when a student has a short concentration span, and then they can quickly lose focus in their study. Parental attitude also affects the level of the condition among their children. The perception held by a parent dramatically influences the perspective of a child. Parents who have the same situation also bring up children in a similar condition. Depending on the condition, individuals could accomplish the task at different time intervals. The moderate group lies between the easy and the severe group, and they are in a position of giving the result from either of the groups. Therefore, learned helplessness is affected by personality traits, and it interferes with the concentration span of an individual. Individuals then become frustrated when they are given tasks to accomplish such as completing words in the anagram.

Ackerman, C. (2018). Learned Helplessness: Seligman’s Theory of Depression (+ Cure). Positive Psychology Program, 1-10.

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