Literature review on Dengue Virus
Literature Review on Dengue Virus According to the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk factors report, the occurrence of the dengue virus has amplified with a 610.87% from 1990 to 2013. Over these years, there have been over 390 million cases of the dengue virus reported globally on an annual basis (Stanway et al., 712). South Asia regions account for the largest part of the virus incidences being reported annually. With countries like India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, China, Vietnam, Thailand and Vietnam taking up the largest proportion of dengue fever virus cases being reported. The United States Department of Health and Human Services (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), describes the dengue virus as a mosquito-borne disease caused by four major viri identified as the (DENV-1, -2, -3 and -4) (Gubler, 1). The disease is transmitted by the Aedes mosquitoes in the local human environment. The infection of dengue virus increases the vascular permeability in the body of the host which results in circulatory failure and plasma leakages attributed to the increased vascular permeability. Thein et al. (714), DHF infection is highly associated with increased vascular NO bioavailability which results in increased endothelial functions within the body of the host. In this case, the dengue virus infection results in peripheral arterial tonometry complications within the host's body cells. Through an application of a longitudinal adult study, the authors report an increased vascular nitric oxide bioavailability in…
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