Free Research methodology revised Dissertation Example

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Research methodology revised

Category: Biology

Subcategory: Culture

Level: Masters

Pages: 3

Words: 825

Research Methodology
Name
Institute

Research Methodology
A systematic literature review will be used to complete this research. This involves the process of extracting information from previously concluded studies. To build on the already available information, research is always founded on previous findings. Analyzing previous research helps to determine possibilities of bias and therefore determine whether it is necessary to conduct more research in the same direction. The authors of this article intend to explore information in the environmental radiation protection field with the intention of establishing better methods of protecting workers from radiation exposure. Choosing the articles to be used for the research was the most important task to complete. The articles were being selected based on relevance, reliability and the duration of publication.
Details of Database Search
To be certain that the articles are reliable, they were sourced from journals that publish peer-reviewed work. For this research, the articles were selected from PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect. The key words for this research were, Environmental Radiation Protection, Radiation Protection Standards, Radiation Protection, Ionizing Radiation, Radiation Safety, Effective Radiation, ALARA Standards, Radiation Safety Officer, and Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials. To ensure the articles were current and relevant, the research would consider articles published between 2011 and 2018.
Results
Typing the keywords on the search engine and considering the title of the articles produced a total of 157 articles distributed as follows: PubMed (70), ScienceDirect (26), Scopus (42), and Google Scholar (19). 50 articles were eliminated because they were duplication. The 157 articles that remained were applied to further elimination.
Inclusion Criteria
– Consider articles published between 2011 and 2018.
Only articles in the English language were considered.
Articles published peer-reviewed.
Articles relevant to the topic.
Exclusion Criteria
– Articles published prior 2011were dismissed.
Concerned with research of radiation that does not relate to the topic.
Written in a different language other than English were eliminated.
– Articles that were abstracts only.
Using Criteria for Inclusion/exclusion of Articles
There are numerous articles that discuss radiation from different aspects such as CT scans. These articles were eliminated from the research.
Articles, which were only abstracts, were just eliminated because the real content could not be founded.
Articles published before 2011 were outdated and not relevant to the research.
The exclusion was also applied based on the topic and abstract of the articles.
The articles, were found not directly related to the topic, were excluded. Even though these papers contained the keywords.

Study Selection Protocol581025554355Key Words Searched
Environmental Radiation Protection, Radiation Protection Standards, Ionizing Radiation, Radiation Safety, Effective Radiation, ALARA Standards
0Key Words Searched
Environmental Radiation Protection, Radiation Protection Standards, Ionizing Radiation, Radiation Safety, Effective Radiation, ALARA Standards

27908251390650
1695450131444Total Articles Found: 157 articles
PubMed (70), ScienceDirect (26), Scopus (42),
Google Scholar (19)
00Total Articles Found: 157 articles
PubMed (70), ScienceDirect (26), Scopus (42),
Google Scholar (19)
462915035560Eliminated
6: Not in English
00Eliminated
6: Not in English
-742950131445Eliminated
43: Published Outside the US
00Eliminated
43: Published Outside the US

395287511303000
1352550228600004629150257175Eliminated
50: for duplications
00Eliminated
50: for duplications

40386005842000-74295096519Eliminated
29: Unrelated to naturally occurring radiations
00Eliminated
29: Unrelated to naturally occurring radiations

141922597155003800475287655004676775154305Eliminated
11: Abstracts only
00Eliminated
11: Abstracts only

17145001012825Included Articles: 18
Included Articles: 18
2867025508000

Data Extraction Protocol
The data to be extracted included
The authors’ names
The date of publication
The methodologies
The sample sizes
The results
The conclusions and recommendations
Quality Assessment Method
There were three techniques to determine the reliability of the information in the article. The first method was to establish whether the article was peer-reviewed. Peer reviews ascertain the information is verified by other authorities in the field to be true. The quality is also determined by the methodology of conducting research. For example, the sample sizes determine the reliability and replicability of the article.
Chosen Articles
Amano, Y. (2011). Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards. Citeseerx.
Azzam, E., Colangelo, N., Domogauer, J., Sharma, N., & de Toledo, S. (2016). Is Ionizing Radiation Harmful at any Exposure? An Echo That Continues to Vibrate. Health Physics, 110(3), 249-251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/hp.0000000000000450
Berris, T., Žontar, D., & Rehani, M. (2017). Survey on impact of regulations on radiation safety and development of radiation safety culture in 25 countries. Journal Of Medical Imaging, 4(3), 031204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.jmi.4.3.031204
Bradley, L. (2018). Radiation safety for radiologic technologists. Pubmed, 83(6), 577.
Chambers, D. (2015). Radiological protection in North American naturally occurring radioactive material industries. Annals Of The ICRP, 44(1_suppl), 202-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146645315572300
Christensen, D., Iddins, C., & Sugarman, S. (2014). Ionizing Radiation Injuries and Illnesses. Emergency Medicine Clinics Of North America, 32(1), 245-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2013.10.002
Cooper, J. (2012). Radiation protection principles. Journal Of Radiological Protection, 32(1), N81-N87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0952-4746/32/1/n81
Dainiak, N. (2016). Inferences, Risk Modeling, and Prediction of Health Effects of Ionizing Radiation. Health Physics, 110(3), 271-273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/hp.0000000000000465
Hansson, S. (2013). ALARA: What is Reasonably Achievable?. Radioactivity In The Environment, 143-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-045015-5.00009-5
Koth, J., & Smith, M. (2016). Radiation Safety Compliance. Radiologic Technology, 87(5), 511-524.
Larsson, C., Higley, K., & Real, A. (2015). Overview of ICRP Committee 5. Annals Of The ICRP, 44(1_suppl), 47-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146645314560681
Lecomte, J. (2015). Application of the Commission’s recommendations to naturally occurring radioactive material. Annals Of The ICRP, 44(1_suppl), 188-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146645315572296
Lecomte, J. (2015). Application of the Commission’s recommendations to naturally occurring radioactive material. Annals Of The ICRP, 44(1_suppl), 188-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146645315572296
Little, M. (2015). Ionising radiation in the workplace. BMJ, h5405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h5405
Loy, J. (2015). What should a radiation regulator do about naturally occurring radioactive material?. Annals Of The ICRP, 44(1_suppl), 197-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146645315572298
Mojiri, M. (2011). Awareness and attitude of radiographers towards radiation protection. Journal Of Paramdedical Sciences, 2(4).
Pandey, B., Kumar, A., Tiwari, P., & Mishra, K. (2010). Radiobiological basis in management of accidental radiation exposure. International Journal Of Radiation Biology, 86(8), 613-635. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09553001003746059
Pryor, K. (2015). Radiation Safety of Sealed Radioactive Sources. Health Physics, 108(2), 172-177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/hp.0000000000000225

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