Care management for patient with hyperlipidemia

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Care management for patient with hyperlipidemia

Category: Dissertation discussion

Subcategory: Economics

Level: University

Pages: 3

Words: 825

Care Management for Patient with Hyperlipidemia
Institution Affiliation

Provision of healthcare services serves a crucial role in enhancing the quality of life. Different conditions result in severe effects to individuals is causative factors to the increase in the mortality rates. Healthcare centers strive in the provision of medical services not only to the low-income earners but also to the underserved patients. Numerous communities often report inadequate screening levels of the hyperlipidemic condition. Improving the control rates and management plan for hyperlipidemia can enhance the quality of life.
Age factor and obese state are the risk factors for the coronary disease. According to the case, the patient’s BMI is 31 which demonstrate the overweight condition of the patient. The paper explores the hyperlipidemia condition as well as its management plan. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches are also apparent in the paper.
Nutrition Management Plan for Hyperlipidemia
Nutrition plays a critical role in the primary care management of the hyperlipidemia. The condition can lead to cardiovascular disease which causes adverse health effects. Non-pharmacological forms of therapy have been vital in the management of hyperlipidemia. An individual should consume a balanced diet with a reduced concentration of the cholesterol.
An individual should consume 1.5 oz of the almonds each day. Soy protein is also an essential dietary supplement for the hyperlipidemia. Flavonoids and vitamin E components provide cardioprotective nutrients necessary for the hyperlipidemia. Legumes should also be consumed to prevent the severe effects of hyperlipidemia. An individual should consume ten fruits daily.
High levels of the cholesterol are the leading agents for the hyperlipidemia (Nelson, 2013). However, individuals should reduce the consumption of saturated fats due to their health implications. Increase in the use of the monounsaturated fats is crucial components in replacing the saturated fats. Soluble fiber intake is also a nutritional component that may contribute significantly to the management of hyperlipidemia. The use of sterols is also an essential dietary component to deduce the risk factor for hyperlipidemia. Consumption of a healthy diet and reduced intake of cholesterol has proved to be necessary for enhancing a healthy life.
Physical Activities Plan
Regular physical activities enhance physical body fitness prevents the occurrence of the obese condition. Obesity is among the risk factors for the hyperlipidemic condition. Obesity condition increases the low-density protein in the blood which is related to the heart disease. Surgical operations such as the coronary artery bypass grafting are essential in enhancing the blood flow in the body (Hopkins, 2003). The procedure reduces the severe effects of the coronary disease which limits the flow of blood into the heart.
Aerobic exercises are useful for the control of hyperlipidemia. The practices decrease the cholesterol levels as well as the triglyceride levels. An individual should have at least 900 kcal of the energy every week. Approximately, the individual should spend at least 2 hours per week for the aerobic exercises.
Pharmacological Management of Hyperlipidemia
Pharmacological management plan helps to curb the cardiovascular disease. Utilization of the statin therapy contributes significantly to the treatment and prevention of hyperlipidemia. Examples of the statins include atorvastatin and simvastatin which blocks the enzyme responsible for the formation of the cholesterol. However, statin therapy can cause other side effects such as constipation and diarrhea. The omega three fatty acid is an essential alternative for the patients who cannot sustain the statin therapy. The patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome should receive a high dosage of the statin therapy.
Ezetimibe is an essential pharmacological treatment for the cardiovascular disease. Other types of treatment drugs for the hyperlipidemia include the fibrates and the niacin. The use of statin therapy is useful for the patients with the high risks of developing the cardiovascular disease.
Non-Statins Therapy
The non-statins are necessary for the patients with reduced levels of the high-density lipoprotein. The niacin drug can help in raising the level of the high-density lipoprotein. However, niacin therapy treatment when added to the statin therapy improves the oriented outcomes for the health condition. Age factor can influence the aspect of drug medication. The patient can use aspirin which is essential in preventing the formation of the blood clots.
Blood tests are necessary for the management of the hyperlipidemia. However, other lifestyle behaviors such as avoiding smoking can help in reducing the side effects of hyperlipidemia. Medical counseling is also required to aid in the provision of occupational therapy that helps in the treatment of the cardiovascular conditions.
Healthcare Promotion and Awareness
Healthcare promotion and awareness and provision of health training is an essential healthcare intervention. Various stakeholders should play a role in educating the public on how to enhance the quality of life. Public awareness can help change the individuals’ lifestyles thus reducing the severe effects of hyperlipidemia.
Healthcare Screening
Screening activities are among the management plan for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and the coronary artery disease (Hackl, Halla, Hummer & Pruckner, 2014). Individuals above the age of 40 years should undergo the screening activities to determine the lipid disorders.
In summary, it is apparent that a healthy lifestyle is crucial in promoting the quality of life. However, the forms of treatment are necessary for lessening the side effects of the condition. Coronary artery and hyperlipidemia are among the cardiovascular diseases with severe results in the absence of a management plan. The plan is vital in managing the state without primarily using the drugs.
Pharmacological and non-pharmacological management aspects are proven attributes for the management plan. However, regular physical activities curb the accumulation of cholesterol in the human body. Individuals should consume a balanced diet with a low concentration of fat thus enhancing the quality of life. Use of the drugs such as the statins is also a critical approach in the treatment of the coronary artery disease and hyperlipidemia. Health promotion strategies and patient education provide the public with the healthcare information. Eventually, the healthcare providers should engage with other stakeholders to enhance healthcare service provision.
Hackl, F., Halla, M., Hummer, M., & Pruckner, G. (2014). The Effectiveness of Health
Screening. Health Economics, 24(8), 913-935., P. (2003). Coronary Artery Disease Risk in Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia and
Familial Hypertriglyceridemia: A Case-Control Comparison From the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Circulation, 108(5), 519-523., R. (2013). Hyperlipidemia as a Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease. Primary Care:
Clinics In Office Practice, 40(1), 195-211.

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