HIV Infection and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current Status, Challenges, and Opportunities
Kharsany and Karim (2016) carried out a systematic review looking into the epidemiology of HIV infections across sub-Saharan Africa covering the factors that promote high incidence and mortality rates. Moreover, it investigates the priorities for mitigating the progression of HIV to an epidemic. It considers the means of maximizing the usage of the already limited resources to achieve these objectives. These objectives were diverse making the discussion widely informative but poorly focused. Kharsany and Karim (2016) did little to describe their methods of selecting sources for their report; hence, it is impossible to note if they conducted the due diligence necessary to pick the right publications to include in the review and if their quality was considered at all. The authors compared the results of the studies in their review separately. They concluded that the young women in this region are at most risk of infection as was replicated in various studies in different settings. This finding was arrived at with a comparison of the various demographics and their ability to enact preventative measures. The replication of the results across numerous articles supports the external validity of the results. Based on this, they were significantly accurate and in targeting young women for optimal epidemiological effect in controlling HIV infections. Abongomera et al. (2017) considered the level of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and its efficacy in the suppression of the viral load in children by assessing the attitudes…
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