Community prevention program
Community Prevention Program Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction The susceptibility of the U.S. to exotic vector-borne diseases has been on the rise ever since the first reported case of the West-Nile Virus (WNV) in 1999. Technological, environmental, and sociologic factors are primarily responsible for the spread of vector-borne disease in the country and across the globe. These drivers include changing land use, expanded trade and travel, the growth of human populations, climate change, and urbanization (Petersen et al., 2016). The U.S. State of California has recorded increased levels of the WNV, St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV), Zika virus, plague activity, among other tick-borne and flea-borne diseases (CDPH, 2018). As shown in the report, eradicating vector-borne diseases in the state requires a revamped health risk assessment and intervention program that focuses on health promotion and disease prevention rather than the response to disease outbreaks. Health Concerns in California In 2017, California recorded an increase in the activity of the West Nile Virus (WNV) relative to 2016. The elevation was particularly noticeable in Southern California (CDPH, 2018). As noted by the CDPH, the number of human reported cases reaching was 553 with the severe neuroinvasive form comprising 73% of the cases. The state recorded 44 fatalities. Besides the WNV activity, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) observed St. Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLEV) in sentinel chickens and mosquitoes…
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