Discuss the evolution of the treatment experience by minority group members and women i law enforcement fair and Impartial?
The evolution of the treatment which is experienced by the minority groups can be explained by looking at the strategic choices made by the law enforcement officers. These are the people who develop the law enforcement ideology under which law enforcement is seen as socially empowered forces and attitude including the history of racism and gender discrimination (Dempsey, & Forst, 2013). The views of the people are also shaped by how enforcement institutions deal with the women and minority groups and how those dealings have affected the law enforcement officers during different eras. It is believed that improvement has occurred over the years and further developments are possible in the future although not guaranteed.
The law enforcement terrain supported slavery, discrimination, and segregation for the better part of the American history. This is the terrain under which the orders the police were supposed to follow were anchored (Davis, 2017). Consequently, the police behavior was informed by the foundation especially concerning the way they dealt with the minority groups and women a practice which has continued up to date. The pattern of police behavior includes the belief that the minority groups and women had fewer civil rights, the law enforcement officers were supposed to keep them under full control and that they did not have a duty to protect them in their communities.
The existence of poor pattern of behavior and attitude among the law enforcement officers means that, even though necessary changes have happened in the history of US, the minority groups and women have not benefited much (Blumberg et al., 2015). The changes in most cases have been driven by the white majority and the male dominants. The first decade of the 20th century was characterized by politics in policing and thus, due to the political powerlessness of women and minority groups, none of the changes made in the policing was meant to benefit them.
A more professional policing has been established in the reform era. Since the civil rights movements of the late 1960s, the police executives who have been appointed, have ensured that all people in the society realize the benefits of policing. It also provides that there is a fair distribution of the laws enforcement services, respect for civil rights and equal opportunities for the minorities of all the people in the agencies (Colvin, 2009). This has seen many blacks and women benefit from the policing either receiving the services of joining the law enforcement agencies as officers.
It is now possible to recruit more women and minority groups as law enforcement officers. What remains a challenge is that the police continue to focus on revenue collection rather than ensuring public safety especially those working in areas dominated by the minority groups. There continues to be unequal treatment of the minority groups who continue to be victims of unfair treatment and disproportionate target by the police and other law enforcement agencies (Cox, Marchionna, & Fitch, 2015). The department and agencies can proactively in a fair and legal manner recruit more women and minority groups in law enforcement agencies through the creation of policies to promote diversity. They can increase the recruitment if these disadvantaged groups in law enforcement agencies to remedy the past wrongs. However, the hiring of female officers and the minority groups may not solve the problem.
The BFOQ’s is where a person of a particular sex is necessary for the job. In this regard, most of the jobs done by the law enforcement are only fit for men. Few women are employed in policing as many people believe that men will do the task (Dempsey & Forst, 2013). Further, the policies and practices of the law enforcement agencies are not friendly to the women and minority groups. In this respect, the most appropriate way to address this challenge is by retraining the officers to improve their interaction with the women and minority groups.
Blumberg, Daniel M., Luciano Giromini, Laura B. Johnson (2015). Impact of Police Academy Training on Recruits’ Integrity. Police Quarterly, 0(0) 1-24. doi: 10.1177/1098611115608322.
Colvin, R. (2009). Shared perceptions among lesbian and gay police officers: Barriers and opportunities in the law enforcement work environment. Police Quarterly, 12(1), 86-101.
Cox, S. M., Marchionna, S., & Fitch, B. D. (2015). Introduction to policing. Sage Publications.
Davis, C. (2017) First Female Border Patrol Agent: A Presentation for UTRGV Criminal Justice Students. Attached here as “Border Patrol Diversity with C Davis 2017 A.”
Dempsey, J. S., & Forst, L. S. (2013). An introduction to policing. Cengage Learning.
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