Does Northern Ireland Offer a Model for Resolving Conflicts in Africa?
Literature Review Numerous discussions among politicians have delineated the role(s) of Northern Ireland in the resolution of conflicts in Africa. As posited by Hain (2007), “The Troubles” conflict took place from 1968 to 1998 in Northern Ireland, and it is responsible for the delineation of the nation as a model for resolving conflicts in Africa (Hain, 2007). The provision(s) of a model for this cause is, in fact, still under debate as some leaders [and politicians] do not necessarily ‘approve’ its existence. Fortunately, enough, Bill Clinton was on the affirmative side of the Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement claiming that it impacted conflict resolution in various regions in Africa. The 42nd President of the U.S. was pleased with Northern Ireland’s model of conflict resolution which sort to augur peace in most of the unstable places in the world. Furthermore, according to Hughes (2011), an in-depth look into the Belfast Agreement brings about enlightenment apropos of Arend Lijphart’s consociationalism in Northern Ireland (Hughes, 2011; Dunn & Nolan-Haley, 1998). There is the need to place the GFA hand-in-hand with consociationalism in Northern Ireland as a way of understanding the nation’s role in conflict resolution. Delving further, it is salient that consociation demands states and regions to embrace any form(s) of differences and diversities in the society (Hughes, 2011). Just like the leaders under this ‘conflict resolution’ instrument set aside their differences; they work…
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