The goals of punishment

The Goals of Punishment Student Name Institutional Affiliation The Goals of Punishment The main aims of punishment as per the Criminal Justice System in the U.S. include deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, restitution, and incapacitation (Creative Commons, 2015). Deterrence limits the occurrence of crime in future by provoking fear in an individual and the public. Deterrence may be either specific or general. Specific deterrence involves a defendant whereby after the government punishes an individual, the individual refrains from committing the crime to prevent being subjected to similar punishment. General deterrence consists of the public and functions on the basis that the public...

Terrorism

Terrorism Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation ` Terrorism The word terrorism originates from the term ‘terrere’ which is used to signify the creation of fear. During the terror in the U.S, it obtained its modern form ‘terrorism’. The Roman Empire utilized aggression on individuals ranging from full-scale genocide to crucifixion of citizens forcing individuals into capitulation (Taylor, Fritsch, & Liederbach, 2014). Several of the non-state perpetrators utilized terrorism to pressurize their enemies through terror. The aims of a counter-terrorism execution task force on the criminal justice and legal...

RNR Model and Recidivism

RNR Model and Recidivism Student’s Name: Institution: The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model is a mechanism employed by federal supervision system in the US and other nations such as Canada to supervise offenders with the aim of minimizing recidivism and possibly protecting the community from the risks posed by offenders (Sing et al., 2018). The RNR model is applied in risk assessment activities as it can establish the probability of an offender repeating a crime and also in identifying some criminogenic factors, which, if altered, can minimize the possibilities of recidivism (Singh et al., 2018). The National Institute of Justice (2018), defines recidivism as relapsing to criminal...

Pretrial Process

Pretrial Process Name Institution of affiliation Date The pretrial process serves three primary functions, which are; probing with the intent of ascertaining the credibility of the defendant, as well as defining terms under which bale, or bond is granted to the defendant. Pretrial could also determine if the defendant is to be put under custody in case there is reasonable ground to do so. After the arrest, the suspect should be arraigned before court in a period of not more than 24 hours. The suspect is indicted in a court of Law for prosecution. Charges against the accused are read. The defendant is then asked to take a plea of the charges read against them, which determines the way in...

Prison reform

Name: Professor’s Name: Unit: Date: Alternative to incarceration Introduction Globally, incarceration is perceived as the best approach of combating delinquency. It serves as both a punishment and as a form of deterrence. It involves imprisonment accompanied by correctional activities. It denies the offenders their freedom to move and restricts it to the involved facility, as punishment for their crimes and violation of laws. Though the main purpose of this imprisonment is punishment, it serves as a form of deterrence. It aids in warning the offenders against future crime. It also shows potential offenders what to expect if they engage in criminal activities, thus discouraging offenders....

Police and the Institution

Police and the Institution There exists a mutual relationship between the police and the six major social institutions in society. At one point in life, police officers marry, have children, and start a family. Furthermore, each law enforcement officer is brought up in a familial setting. In the quest to balance marriage and career life, police officers may encounter challenges related to marital strife and emotional problems (Palmiotto & Unnithan, 2011). In the long run, this affects their productivity, development, and motivation. Police officers have the right to associate themselves with any religious affiliation. Law enforcement officers should not be criticized or mocked because of their...

Judicial Selection

Judicial Selection Student’s Name: Institution: The selection of judges in the US differs at a state and federal level. According to Donovan et al. (2014), federal judges are appointed by the presidency while state judges are selected using three fundamental methods. These methods include selection by the legislature or the executive wing of government, selection via non-partisan or partisan elections and merit selection. It is, however, worth noting that these methods have multiple permutations, hence a state may use a combination of them in selecting judges for diverse platforms. For instance, a state may select a trial judge via merit and an appellate court judge through elections....

Juvenile and Crime

Factors correlating to Juvenile and Crime Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Social, cultural, and economic conditions in a particular nation tend to be strong determinants of the severity and intensity of juvenile offenses. It is noteworthy that the risk of one becoming an offender involves a combination of factors and, therefore, one cannot assume that a specific factor is solely responsible for delinquency. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2015) highlight that increased risk factors and prolonged exposure to them increase the likelihood of juveniles engaging in criminal behavior. Negative consequences of socio-economic development contribute to juvenile...

Drones in law enforcement

The Effectiveness of Drones in Law Enforcement Student Name Institution Affiliation THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DRONES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT Background of the Study With the advancements made in the law enforcement sector, different measures have been taken to ensure that nations protect themselves with the increasing threats and violence. Advancements and diversifications in law enforcement agencies have enabled such agencies in the hiring and retention of the best in the field of law enforcement (U.S. Department of Justice , 2016). Among the advancements in use in law enforcement include the use of unmanned aerial vehicles also known as drones. As far as law enforcement is concerned, there are rules...

Challenges of Inmates

Challenges of Incarceration, Deterrence, and Punishment Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation The United States had the highest number of inmates worldwide due to harsher sentencing policies and increased punitive laws. Imprisonment and sentencing systems traditionally involve different objectives including punishment, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and deterrence (Wright 2010). And despite the existence of these criminal justice elements, offending continues to rise as evidenced by increased number of offenders recorded. Some issues with deterrence include the fact that it relies on assumptions that people are rational and, therefore, bound to weigh repercussions before engaging in...